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East Africa drought tightens its grip – 1 Sep 2011
In some parts of the drought-affected country, more than 50 per cent of the population are suffering acute malnutrition. Overall, 3.7 million people need food urgently.
Five areas of central and southern Somalia were declared famine zones in July but the Famine Early Warning Systems is warning more areas could join that list over the next four to six weeks.
Drought during the April to June rainy season resulted in the lowest crop production for 17 years, with matters worsened by crop pests and diseases. This combined with ‘exorbitant’ cereal prices has put food beyond the means of most Somalis.
Access to Somalia is difficult because of its long-standing armed conflict but Tearfund partner World Concern is helping refugees coming across the Somali border into northern Kenya, providing water, sanitation and essential household items. World Concern is also supplying emergency aid to 12,000 people in neighbouring Somaliland.
Somali refugees have also been crossing into Ethiopia, with more than 76,000 arriving in the Dollo Ado area since January.
Ethiopia has at least 4.6 million people in need of food aid, with high levels of acute malnutrition in southern regions.
Tearfund partners are working to strengthen the ability of communities’ to withstand the worsening crisis, for example by running cash-for-work schemes to boost incomes.
However there are growing fears that Ethiopia will require relief aid up until the end of 2012.
In Kenya, 3.2 million people in the country’s north are suffering severe food shortages and here Tearfund partners are providing water, hygiene kits, cooking utensils and shelter materials.
Across the entire region, Tearfund partners are helping more than 93,000 people affected by the food crisis.
Robert Schofield, Tearfund’s Disaster Management Director, said, ‘The situation in East Africa continues to deteriorate and there are now more than 12 million people across the region in need.
‘We very much appreciate all the financial support for our East Africa appeal which means we can bring life-saving assistance to thousands of people affected by the drought and famine. I urge supporters to continue to pray for the relief and recovery effort across Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia.’
Villagers feel the heat after months without rain – 16 Aug 2011
The last time 66-year-old Guyo Galgallo remembers it raining in his northern Kenyan village was four months ago.
But it wasn’t a case of refreshing April showers: ‘We had drizzle,’ recalls Guyo, who lives in a community called Halkano Gora, which like many others in the region is facing one of the worst droughts in living memory.
Poor rains have led to failed harvests and significant livestock losses which in turn have left 3.2 million Kenyans on the brink of starvation.
Guyo and his seven strong family survive on one meal of maize a day but things are bleak.
Guyo said, ‘The drought now is much worse than other times. We lack pasture and water. Our water sources are drying up, we have no animals to sell and food prices have shot up.’
His family are clinging on by making and selling charcoal but the rocketing price of staple foods, a factor hitting poor communities across the world, is worsening their plight, not just in terms of diet.
‘Soaring food prices mean we cannot buy as much,’ says Guyo. ‘Students are unable to attend school because they can’t pay school fees.’
Generous support for Tearfund’s East Africa appeal means our partners in Kenya, as well as Somalia and Ethiopia, are able to expand the help they offer people like Guyo.
Tearfund partner Christian Community Services of Mount Kenya East (CCSMKE) is helping his community by sending tankers filled with water to the area so people and their livestock can be sustained while the wait for rain continues.
While appreciating the help Tearfund is providing, Guyo is determined to return to standing on his own two feet.
‘I’m praying the rains will return so I’ll be able to farm again and produce sufficient food once more,’ he says. ‘Then I will be able to continue educating my children.’
Education is something that has clearly benefited 18-year-old Lokho Gollo from the village of Qilta. Literate and bright, she has ambitions of becoming a lawyer but needs to keep studying at secondary school.
The impact of the drought has disrupted that because her parents are struggling to get by. The family has just one meal a day.
‘This time is much worse than other times,’ says Lokho. ‘We have lost livestock and our farms are not producing anything. We have very little food and water. I try to get whatever small work I can get so I can help my parents.
‘I’m praying that I might finish secondary school well and that there might be jobs for people in my community.’
Pakistan floods - one year update – 28 Jul 2011
In August last year, Pakistan was hit by its worst natural disaster in living memory. More than 1,750 people are thought to have died and an estimated 18 million people were affected by the floods. This figure represents more people than those affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the 2010 Haiti earthquake and the 2005 Kamir earthquake combined.
In Ireland, Tearfund raised over €100,000 for its Pakistan appeal. Here is an example of how your unswerving support rescued and restored…
The 19th October 2010 is a date seared into the memory of father-of-ten Rozi Khan from Pakistan.
The worst flooding in the country’s recent history swept into his village of Mangal Khan in Sindh and took away his possessions and livelihood. Within hours of the flooding, 16 hectares of his rice crop were obliterated: ‘When I remember those moments, I still find tears in my eyes,’ says Rozi, 38.
Losing this food was bad enough but its disappearance also left him with a sense of hopelessness. Previous natural disasters had made him impoverished, forcing him to resort to moneylenders to pay for crop seeds.
He confesses to being heartbroken as the flooding wiped out his ability to repay his loans on the back of crop sales. Tearfund was the only organisation to come to Rozi’s village offering help and hope to get out of the black hole of poverty.
Seeing the need to get him growing as soon as the floods subsided, Tearfund organised for a tractor to cultivate part of his land. He was also given high quality sunflower seeds and help via a seed drill to plant them. After a few months, the oil-rich crop was ready for harvesting.
‘I thank God for sending this team to help me,’ says Rozi, who plans to use crop surpluses to pay off his loans over the next three years.
Rozi is one of thousands of Pakistanis helped by Tearfund to restart their livelihoods after the floods. Long-term help continues. We’re now rebuilding homes and providing water and sanitation to the most vulnerable facing material and spiritual poverty.
Famine declared in East Africa – 20 Jul 2011
Famine has been officially declared in two parts of Somalia, and many more parts of northern Kenya and Ethiopia are expected to be declared as famine areas, as the worst drought in 60 years devastates the region.
Famine is defined as a crude mortality rate of more than two people per 10,000 per day and wasting rates of above 30 per cent in children under five years old across an entire region, according to the UN Children’s Fund (Unicef).
Our partners in Ethiopia, Sudan and Kenya are responding. Tearfund’s appeal will fund urgently needed life-saving measures, such as:
- extra nutrition for malnourished children and pregnant women
- animal feed to protect livestock that are so crucial to survival
- construction of additional water points
- emergency tanks and distribution of water for villages experiencing the worst of the drought conditions
- food for families who currently are not reached by the World Food Programme response
- helping communities become more resilient to future crises.
Staff from Tearfund’s local partner, World Concern are seeing malnourished children and mothers on a daily basis as they deal with the reality of the crisis that is gripping the region, which is also being fuelled by high staple food prices. In a recent assessment of Garissa County and the Liboi area which borders Somalia, World Concern reported visible signs that lack of water and food are taking a serious toll on people’s health.
Elias Kamau, Deputy Africa Director of World Concern, said, ‘Some Kenyan government programmes are providing people with food but the shortage of water is a real challenge and there is evidence of malnutrition among children was clearly visible.’
Littered with carcasses
‘The road sides are littered with carcasses of dead and dying livestock as herdsmen drive their weakened herds towards livestock markets where they are fetching next to nothing,’ said Elias.
He added that refugee camps for Somalis fleeing desperate drought conditions were ‘bursting at the seams’, with hundreds of new arrivals pouring in each day. There are three camps in the area, built to house 90,000 people, but are actually holding around 400,000.
Aid agencies recognise the need to help Somalis in their own country but insecurity has severely curtailed their ability to work there. Expected rains from March to May failed in Somalia, with the Juba region in the south being particularly badly affected by drought as a result.
Most of the communities in Juba are pastoralists who rely on livestock for their livelihoods and the failure of the rains has resulted in a mass movement of people seeking help.
World Concern is looking to scale-up its operations in areas where access and security can be guaranteed.
This will take the form of improved access to clean water, food for the most vulnerable including children, mothers and the elderly, sanitation facilities and supplies of basic household items. As well as supporting World Concern, Tearfund is funding the transportation of water supplies by lorry into northern Kenya by our partner CCSMKE.
Over many years of work across Kenya and Ethiopia, Tearfund has been building the resilience of drought-prone communities to climatic shocks, for example, by supplying drought-resistant seeds to crop-growing areas and constructing covered dams to store water.
Partners step-up East Africa crisis response – 13 Jul 2011
Around ten million people are suffering as a result of the crisis that is mainly affecting parts of Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia.
UNICEF is warning that two million children are malnourished as a result of the drought in the Horn of Africa, and half a million could soon die or suffer long-lasting mental or physical damage.
The Kenyan government has declared a national disaster in the north of the country, where several years of poor rains have left 3.5 million people vulnerable.
Most people in this area rely on cattle and other livestock to make a living and our partner, Community Christian Services of Mount Kenya East (CCSMKE), is transporting water by tankers to assist them, as well as carrying out new assessments of need to boost their response.
Over the last ten years of operation in northern Kenya, CCSMKE has been helping communities become better able to cope with drought conditions, for example by training people to build dams to store water and teaching them how to combat soil erosion.
The value of this long-term approach to reducing the risk of disasters was underlined by a recent Tearfund report which said that for every €1 invested in these types of activities, communities saw a benefit equivalent to €24.
But the changing climate in East Africa over recent years has had an adverse impact on livestock herders who have seen the value of their animals drop and their markets collapse, resulting in dwindling food purchasing power.
This has come at a time when staple food prices around the world have risen massively, for example the price of white maize at one Kenyan market has risen by 58 per cent in a year.
Conditions for pastoralists are predicted to deteriorate further in the next four months.
In Ethiopia, where food inflation is running at 40 per cent, 3.2 million people are experiencing serious hardship as a result of the crisis.
Most of them are in the south east, another area where people rely on livestock for their livelihoods.
Other areas in the south of Ethiopia are also showing signs of food shortage-stress. Here partners such as the Wolaitta Kale Heywet Church are preparing to launch a cash-for-work programme that will enable more than 500 families to feed themselves.
Another Ethiopian partner, the Full Gospel Believers’ Church, which is also involved in long term projects to help people overcome hunger, is planning to step up activities such as cash-for-work schemes.
The key to whether the crisis will worsen in Ethiopia is the longevity of rains which need to fall between now and mid-September to avert widespread harvest failures.
In Somalia, our partner World Concern is carrying out detailed assessments of people’s needs this week on the Kenya/Somali border.
Millions go hungry in East Africa - Crisis Appeal – 6 Jul 2011
Tearfund is asking people to pray for the situation in East Africa, where more than 10 million people are facing severe hunger as some areas experience the worst drought in 60 years, destroying crops and livestock.
Richard Lister, Tearfund’s Head of Region for East Africa, said, “There has been widespread loss of crops and livestock and the impact of the drought has been worsened by high food prices and, in some areas, conflict. There is a high risk of this crisis becoming critical if rains remain erratic.”
More than 10 million people across the region are facing extreme hunger: 4.9 million in Ethiopia, 3.5 million in Kenya, 2.5 million in Somalia, 600,000 in Uganda and 163,000 in Djibouti.
Work by Tearfund partners to prepare communities to better withstand drought has been going on for many years, which has helped lessen the impact for many. However, deteriorating climatic conditions this year are taking their toll.
Robert Schofield, Tearfund’s Disaster Management Director, said: “We musn’t forget this is sub-Saharan Africa, which is a challenging environment and this is going to keep happening for some people.
“Climate change means this is going to occur more frequently and will be worse each time, which is why two things are crucial: urgent international action much be taken to address climate change; and investment in long-term disaster risk reduction initiatives, so poor communities are prepared when they are faced with adverse weather conditions.”
To add to the pressure on struggling families, staple food prices have rocketed. Tearfund has been lobbying the G20 leaders recently to tackle high global food prices by protecting the most vulnerable people and building long-term resilience to disasters.