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News : Ethiopia
Aster, Marta and Adanech tell their stories of success – 20 Feb 2014
On a recent visit to Ethiopia, a group of church leaders from Scotland visited a Self Help Group in Hawassa. They sat with them and listened to members talk about their lives and what their group means to them.
Aster (pictured right) said that the Self Help Group is very important for us. We started in 2005, saving 50cents (€0.02) a week each. We have all taken loans and we run different businesses. This is my house and I bake bread. Now we are not empty-handed.
Before the group started we were dependent on our husbands – whatever we did was based on his will. But that is changed now. We are using the money we have on our homes and our children etc.
Our first loans were of 50birr (€2.02). Now we give 1,300birr (€52.31) loans. We can send our children to private and public schools and food and clothing are no problem now. Some children have even graduated from college.
I give thanks to God for this vision to the community to make a big difference. You are very welcome! Nobody here is idle!
Marta (pictured right) is the group secretary. She said, ‘the Self Help Group has brought us much more than just economic benefits. We have developed a strong love and relationships between us.
At first we saved 50cents – what difference was that going to make? And it was difficult for some. But now we are rich and wealthy! Now we save between 3birr and 5birr each a week (€0.12-€0.19). We are working to increase everybody’s access to income.
Our total savings are 9,160birr (€371.04). Small amounts can make a difference! The SHG has brought lots of change. We plan to expand our businesses, increase our savings and strengthen our relationships.
Adanech (pictured left) is a widow with 10 in her household. She heard about the SHG when she was in difficult circumstances – her husband had just died. She joined the group but found it too difficult to save so stopped coming.
The group visited her to find out what was wrong and told her she must come. They covered her savings for her. Another time she was sick and they covered her savings again then. She took a 50birr (€2.02) loan and started selling maize in the market.
Adanech says, ‘This group is family for me. Praise to God and thanks for my friends’ support. I can feed my family and I’m expanding my business!’
We are giving thanks to God for all the SHG set up and successful so far and we are encouraging you to join our Coffee Campaign because as little as 2 euro does make a big change!
From begging to saving - Birtukan’s story – 13 Feb 2014
Birtukan (pictured right) lives in Southern Ethiopia. She’s from a very poor family, and was working as a beggar to feed her children. So when she heard that Tearfund’s local partner Ethiopian Kale Heywet Church (EKHC) was helping people financially, she wanted to be part of it. ‘I heard the church was giving out money,’ she says, ‘so I ran to be one of the first in the queue!’
However, the church wasn’t handing out money – they were forming Self-Help Groups. ‘They [the staff] said they would teach us to save, and manage what we have.’
Birtukan joined a group and started by saving some of her begging money each week. After a while her group saw her commitment, and offered her a loan from their savings money. She bought onions and charcoal to sell in the market. Slowly, her business grew.
Birtukan now runs a successful market stall, and has taken and paid back several loans from her group. Her husband used to work far away, but is now able to live with his family and help with the business.
Not only is this family now united and financially stable, their dignity has been restored. ‘People have stopped insulting me,’ says Birtukan. ‘They now respect me, and will touch me, like a proper person.’
- Praise God for Tearfund partner EKHC, empowering people like Birtukan to escape poverty and lead dignified lives.
- Pray for the EKHC team as they lead this project, that they will feel God’s love and blessing powerfully as they work to bring God’s love and blessing to others.
- Join our coffee campaign . Texting COFFEE to 50300 to donate 2 euro supports 6 women like Birtukan in one of the Self Help groups for a week.
Self Help Groups - The Adama Success Story – 6 Feb 2014
The first five SHGs were established in June 2002 by the Ethiopian Kale Heywet Church (EKHC). Each of those SHGs had 20 voluntary members recruited from the poorest of the poor in the local community. Now there are 310 SHGs in Adama Town alone and 167 groups in the surrounding towns where people have seen what we have done and we have shared our experience.
EKHC gave us training in how to run meetings, budgeting, savings and credit. We learned to minimise unnecessary expenses and maximise our savings. In those days each of us saved 10 cents (0.01 euro) a day to enable us to contribute 50 cents (0.02 euro) each week to the group savings. Now, ten years later, the group members save between 5 birr (0.25 euro) and 200 birr (€9.27) a week each.
After a while we started borrowing from our savings for different purposes. This rescued us from paying high interest rates to illegal money-lenders. In the beginning the most a member could borrow was 34 birr (€1.57). Now the biggest loan that a group has made is 32,000birr (€1,483.95) and group capital ranges from 10,000birr (€464.49), in the newest groups, to 300,000birr (€13,920.76). By saving and borrowing from our own savings we are not only able to improve our economic status but also to support others by creating employment opportunities. The SHGs have also increased our social interaction, our concern for each other, our management and decision-making skills, our understanding of women and children’s rights, and our understanding of our rights to vote and stand for election.
After 6 months of formation around 12 SHGs form Cluster Level Associations (CLAs) by nominating 2 representatives from each SHG. There are now 22 CLAs in Adama Town. One of the functions of CLAs is to create networks and relationships with different government offices and NGOs to lobby them concerning local community needs. In this way we have influenced the provision of potable water, electric power, roads and schools. Four of the CLAs have opened Kindergartens for children from poor families between the ages of 3 ½ and 6 years , charging very reasonable fees. We have also given scholarships to 81 orphaned children from the community. 65 group members have learned to read and write because they have been taught by literate colleagues. We produce and sell bags made from recycled plastics. This, apart from the economic benefit, is useful in terms of protecting the environment. We have also taken part in projects to produce fuel efficient stoves, to plant trees and to clean our neighbourhoods.
The legal registration of this Coalition is the latest development of the SHG programme. We are planning to eventually take over the role of the NGO. Our vision is to see a poverty-free Ethiopia with gender equality and justice. Our mission is to provide support for SHGs and CLAs for the fulfillment of their own visions as well as to contribute to the social and economic development of the wider community in Adama Town. “Hope for Tomorrow” Coalition of SHGs was founded by 13 CLAs. There are a further 9 CLAs that have now met the preconditions for joining the Coalition. The total capital of all SHGs in Adama Town is 5,843,821birr (€271,446.90). The overall capital of all SHG members, including their working capital, is 42,024,314birr (€1,949,567.62). Our next plan is to open a Community Resource Centre and a community bank that can serve all the local community.
Photo above: Senait Taye, General Secretary of the “Hope for Tomorrow” Coalition of Self Help Groups (SHGs) in Adama and a founder member of the Adama SHGs
Meseret – 28 Jan 2014
For the first time women like Meseret feel empowered to have their voice heard and to earn vital income so that they can improve their children’s futures.
Meseret (pictured right) says – “I can’t express in words what my group means to me. They are my sisters – we support each other in everything. And we help to look after the rest of the community. By saving and investing in small businesses, I was able to completely transform my life and give my daughters a better future”
Meseret felt hopeless and alone when she was breastfeeding her daughter Kalkidan. Her husband’s labourer salary provided scraps of food and they slept on the floor with no possessions. They had 50 birr to their name.
When she heard about self help group – Addis Alem or “New World”, Meseret went along. What she found was a group of 17 women and a facilitator who had just set up a group bank account and were saving 50 cents a week each.
Meseret wondered what was the point in saving an amount that was so tiny but agreed to join and became the book keeper for the group. The group grew from strength to strength, not only providing business loans to one another but also social support for childcare and healthcare bills.
“The group allowed me to take a 50 Birr loan and I bought and sold charcoal for a good profit. I started making handicrafts and was able to send my child to school”.
A member of Meseret’s group encouraged her to go to church and she decided to go and see what was going on one Sunday with her husband Belay. They happened to arrive when the congregation was flooding out and Belay commented “don’t the faces of these Christian people look beautiful”. Meseret & Belay are now Christians and use all the opportunities that they have to introduce others to the church.
Meseret gained so much confidence that she applied for a job at the Government Office and is now responsible for Women’s and Children’s welfare issues.
Meseret says “if I had the resources, I would write a book about my story because I am so passionate about helping others to see that they can change their futures”.
She helps new groups in her town but says that she will continue to meet with her original group until she dies, they are like family.
Please help Tearfund to set up new groups through the Kale Heywet Church in Ethiopia.
Famine declared in East Africa – 20 Jul 2011
Famine has been officially declared in two parts of Somalia, and many more parts of northern Kenya and Ethiopia are expected to be declared as famine areas, as the worst drought in 60 years devastates the region.
Famine is defined as a crude mortality rate of more than two people per 10,000 per day and wasting rates of above 30 per cent in children under five years old across an entire region, according to the UN Children’s Fund (Unicef).
Our partners in Ethiopia, Sudan and Kenya are responding. Tearfund’s appeal will fund urgently needed life-saving measures, such as:
- extra nutrition for malnourished children and pregnant women
- animal feed to protect livestock that are so crucial to survival
- construction of additional water points
- emergency tanks and distribution of water for villages experiencing the worst of the drought conditions
- food for families who currently are not reached by the World Food Programme response
- helping communities become more resilient to future crises.
Staff from Tearfund’s local partner, World Concern are seeing malnourished children and mothers on a daily basis as they deal with the reality of the crisis that is gripping the region, which is also being fuelled by high staple food prices. In a recent assessment of Garissa County and the Liboi area which borders Somalia, World Concern reported visible signs that lack of water and food are taking a serious toll on people’s health.
Elias Kamau, Deputy Africa Director of World Concern, said, ‘Some Kenyan government programmes are providing people with food but the shortage of water is a real challenge and there is evidence of malnutrition among children was clearly visible.’
Littered with carcasses
‘The road sides are littered with carcasses of dead and dying livestock as herdsmen drive their weakened herds towards livestock markets where they are fetching next to nothing,’ said Elias.
He added that refugee camps for Somalis fleeing desperate drought conditions were ‘bursting at the seams’, with hundreds of new arrivals pouring in each day. There are three camps in the area, built to house 90,000 people, but are actually holding around 400,000.
Aid agencies recognise the need to help Somalis in their own country but insecurity has severely curtailed their ability to work there. Expected rains from March to May failed in Somalia, with the Juba region in the south being particularly badly affected by drought as a result.
Most of the communities in Juba are pastoralists who rely on livestock for their livelihoods and the failure of the rains has resulted in a mass movement of people seeking help.
World Concern is looking to scale-up its operations in areas where access and security can be guaranteed.
This will take the form of improved access to clean water, food for the most vulnerable including children, mothers and the elderly, sanitation facilities and supplies of basic household items. As well as supporting World Concern, Tearfund is funding the transportation of water supplies by lorry into northern Kenya by our partner CCSMKE.
Over many years of work across Kenya and Ethiopia, Tearfund has been building the resilience of drought-prone communities to climatic shocks, for example, by supplying drought-resistant seeds to crop-growing areas and constructing covered dams to store water.
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